Improving the hydrometeorological service of users based on application of modern information technologies
Improving the quality of hydrometeorological products and services for different categories of end users today is the most important task of the Hydrometeorological Service of Ukraine. Implementation of these measures involves a widespread use of modern technologies of hydrometeorological measurements as well as information and computing technologies such as Internet of Things, Big Data, Cloud Computing. The paper studies the current state and prospects of Internet of Things (IoT) application in hydrometeorological activities, particularly, in the work of hydrometeorological organizations of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, in order to improve the quality of hydrometeorological products and services. Emergence of IoT became a new step in Internet and Web technologies use and ensured transition from static network to dynamic array of devices of all types and sizes employing electronics, software, sensors and network connectivity. It offers recommendations for intensifying the efforts aimed at implementation of this promising information technology into routine instrumental measurements, data collection and processing, as well as delivery of services to users. The recommendations present solutions to a number of technological, organizational and legal problems. Transition to a new technology should be carried out in stages and in the course of sensors and devices improvement, increase of speed and a reliability of communication channels. The most optimum solution may include a program-target approach based on a comprehensive program of development of the Hydrometeorological Service for the period of up to 5 years. This approach will make it possible to consider development of information technologies in a close relation with development of other activities of the Hydrometeorological Service: technical re-equipment of observation networks, improvement of the Hydrometeorological Service management as a whole and with regard to its separate units; strengthening its material and technical base, personnel potential etc.
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