Comprehensive assessment of anthropogenic loads and consequences of their influence on the environmental state of water bodies (as exemplified by the Gruzka River, Kirovohrad Region)
The relevance of the research is determined by the need of developing and improving the methods for assessing the extent and consequences of anthropogenic loads' impact on water bodies.
The research was carried out as part of the study and research activities conducted by the Department of Hydroecology and Water Research of OSENU. It is dedicated to the topic "Assessment of Anthropogenic Impact on Aquatic Ecosystems".
The purpose of the work is to determine the environmental status of water bodies based on the comprehensive approach (calculations related to the consequences of anthropogenic loads' impact on water resources and the environmental state of surface waters, including assessment of pollution risks and failure to achieve environmental objectives).
Research methods include assessment of the characteristics of unstudied rivers' water resources in terms of hydrology based on the used meteorological data (climate-runoff model); assessment of anthropogenic loads' impact on water resources and on prospects of achieving a good environmental state of water bodies in accordance with the requirements of the EU's WFD; assessment of environmental risks based on the Prob function application and creation of a scale of water quality indicators and risks correspondence.
Determination of a comprehensive indicator of the Gruzka River's water resources use showed that reduction of water flow characteristics due to climate changes does not significantly affect the river's environmental condition that remains "unsatisfactory".
It was also established that household wastewater is the main pollutant of the Gruzka River that supplies water to reserve water reservoir Lelekivske (City of Kropyvnytskyi, Kirovohrad Region). Almost all criteria related to assessment of the consequences of anthropogenic loads (wastewater discharge, plant and animal husbandry, chemical and physico-chemical parameters) indicate a risk of not achieving a good ecological state. During the modern period, the river continues suffering from significant anthropogenic influence whose level is close to the limit of ecosystem sustainability.
It was established that the use of ER environmental risk that is based on the Prob indicator complements the information about the river's environmental state.
The proposed comprehensive approach can be used for water bodies that remain unsufficiently studied in terms of hydrology and hydrochemistry.
Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Communities. 22.12.2000.L. 327, vol. 43.
Pinchuk, O.L., Herasimov, Ye.H. & Kunytskyi, S.O. (2019) Dyrektyvy EC u sferi upravlinnia vodnymy resursamy [The EU Water Framework Directive in the field of water resources]. Rivne: Volynski berehy. (in Ukr.)
Informatsiia pro r. Hruzka [Information about Hruzka River]. Available at: https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hruzka (Accessed: 21 September 2022) (in Ukr.)
Tsentralnoukrainske biuro novyn [Central Ukrainian news bureau]. Available at: https://cbn.com.ua/2020/03/18/v-ukrayini-mozhut-obmezhyty-vykorystannya-vody-chy-vidchuyut-defitsyt-zhyteli-kirovogradshhyny/ (Accessed: 12 August 2022) (in Ukr.)
Shvebs, H.I. & Ihoshyn, M.I. (2003) Kataloh richok i vodoim Ukrainy: navchalno-metodychnyi dovidnyk. [Catalog of rivers and reservoirs of Ukraine: educational and methodological reference book] Odesa: Astroprynt. (in Ukr.)
Vodnyi kodeks Ukrainy vid 06.06.1995 r. № 213/95-VR. [Water Code of Ukraine from 06 June 1995. № 213/95-VR]. Available at: https://zakon.rada .gov.ua/laws/show/213/95 (Accessed: 17 August 2022) (in Ukr.)
Mokin, V.B. et al. (2009). Ekolohichnyi atlas baseinu richky Pivdennyi Buh. [Ecological atlas of the basin of the river Yuzhny Bug]. Basin Management of Water Resources of the Yuzhny Bug River; Chornomor. prohr. Vetlands Interneshnl. Vinnytsia (in Ukr.)
Dopovid pro stan navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha v Kirovohradskii oblasti za 2009 [Update on the camp of the most important natural environment in the Kirovohrad region for 2009] (2010). State Administration for the Protection of the Natural Environment in the Kirovohrad Region. Kirovohrad. (in Ukr.) Available at: https://mepr.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/Regionalna-dopovid-Kirovogradska-ODA-2021.pdf (Accessed: 22 August 2022)
Loboda, N. (2014). Prohnoz zmin vodnykh resursiv Ukrainy za stsenariiamy zmin klimatu (RCP4.5, RCP8.5 ) ta otsinka ryzykiv dlia vodnoho hospodarstva [Prediction of change in water resources of Ukraine throughout the 21st century under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios and assessment of risks for water management]. In: Stepanenko, S. M., Polovoi, A. M. (eds). Klimatychni ryzyky funktsionuvannia haluzei ekonomiky Ukrainy v umovakh zminy klimatu [Climate risks of the functioning of the branches of the economy of Ukraine in the languages of climate change] . Odesa: TES, chapter 8, pp. 98-521. (in Ukr.)
Chugai, А., Safranov, T. & Holik, Yu. (2018). Analysis of the state of the air basin of industrial-urban agglomerations in the North-Western Black Sea. International Journal of Engineering & Technology (UAE), vol. 7 (4.8), pр. 783–789.
Chuhai, A.V. & Safranov, T.A. (2021). Metody otsinky tekhnohennoho vplyvu na dovkillia. [Methods for assessing the anthropogenic impact on the environment]. Odesa: Vydavets Bukaiev V. V. (in Ukr.)
Chuhai, A.V. (2020). [Evaluation of technogeneous load on the environmental components of the Odessa region]. Naukovo-praktychnyi zhurnal, Ekolohichni nauky [Scientific and practical journal, Ecological Sciences], 1(28), pр. 102-110. (in Ukr.)
Romanenko, V.D, Zhukynskyi, V.M., Oksiiuk, O.P. et al. (1998). Metodyka ekolohichnoi otsinky yakosti poverkhnevykh vod za vidpovidnymy katehoriiamy [Methodology of ecological assessment of the quality of surface water according to the relevant categories]. Kyiv: SYMVOL–T. (in Ukr.)
Urasov, S., Kurjanova, S. & Urasov, M. (2009) [Complex estimation of quality of waters on different methods and the ways of its perfection]. Ukr. gìdrometeorol. ž. [Ukrainian hydrometeorological journal], 5, pp. 42-53. (in Ukr.)
Loboda, N.S. & Katynska, I.V. (2020). [Determination of main anthropogenic impacts and environmental risks for the Kryvyi Torets River basin (based on the EU support program for Ukrainian water policy]. Ukr. gìdrometeorol. ž. [Ukrainian hydrometeorological journal], 25, pp.81-92. (in Ukr.) https://doi.org/10.31481/uhmj.25.2020.08
Vasenko, O. H., Rybalova, O. V., Artemʹiev, S. R. et al (2015). Intehralni ta kompleksni otsinky stanu navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha [Integral and comprehensive assessments of the state of the natural environment]. Kharkiv: NUHZU. (in Ukr.)
European Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), Guidance document № 10. River and lakes: Typology, reference conditions and classification systems. Luxembourg, 2003.
Hrodzynskyi, M.D. (1993) Osnovy landshaftnoi ekolohii. [Basics of landscape ecology]. Kyiv: Lybid. ISBN 5-325-00377-1. (in Ukr.)
Shyshchenko, P.H. (1998). Prikladnaya fizicheskaya geografyya [Applied physical geography]. Kiеv: Vyshcha shkola. (in Russ.)
Loboda, N. & Daus, M. (2021). Development of a method of assessment of ecological risk of surface water pollution by nitrogen compounds. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, vol.5, №10(113): Ecology, pp. 15-25. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2021.243058.
Loboda, N.S. & Kulachok, K.V. (2019). [Methodological approaches to the assessment of environmental risks based on the use of integrated indicators of water quality]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VII –i vseukrainskyi zizd ekolohiv z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu (Ekolohiia/Ecology). [Collection of scientific papers of the VII All-Ukrainian Congress of Ecologists with International Participation (Ecology/Ecology)], 25-27 September. Vinnytsia, р. 75. (in Ukr.)
Hrodzynskyi, M.D. (2014) Landshaftna ekolohiia. [Landscape ecology]. Kyiv: Znannia. ISBN: 978-617-07-0163-3; 978-617-07-0078-0 (in Ukr.)
Interaktyvna karta zabrudnennosti richok Ukraini na osnovi danykh Derzhavnoho ahenstva vodnykh resursiv. [Interactive map of river pollution in Ukraine based on data from the State Water Resources Agency]. Available at: https://texty.org.ua/water/ (Accessed: 26 September 2022). (in Ukr.)
Loboda, N.S. (2005). Raschety i obobshcheniya kharakteristik godovogo stoka rek Ukrainy v usloviyakh antropogennogo vliyaniya. [Calculations and generalizations of the characteristics of the annual runoff of rivers in Ukraine under the conditions of anthropogenic influence]. Odessa: Ekologiya. (in Russ.)
Loboda, N.S. (2015). Modeliuvannia vplyvu zmin klimatu na kharakterystyky stoku richok Ukrainy [Modelling impact of climate changes on river runoff characteristics]. In: Stepanenko, S. M., Polovoi, A. M. (eds). Klimatychni zminy ta yikh vplyv na sfery ekonomiky Ukrainy [Climate changes and their impact on spheres Economy of Ukraine]. Odesa: TES, chapter 8, pp. 451-482. (in Ukr.)
Dyrektyva 2000 / 60/ YeS Yevropeiskoho Parlamentu i rady vid 23 zhovtnia 2000 roku pro vstanovlennia ramok diialnosti Spivtovarystva u sferi vodnoi polityky. 2000 [Directive 2000 / 60 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council about establishing a scope of activities in the field of water policy from 23 October 2000]. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Available at: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/371-2015-p (Accessed: 18 October 2020) (in Ukr.)
Vykhryst, S., Mudra, K., Osiiskyi, E. et al. (2018) Metodychni rekomendatsii shchodo vyznachennia osnovnykh antropohennykh navantazhen ta yikhnikh vplyviv na stan poverkhnevykh vod. [Methodological recommendations for determining the main anthropogenic loads and their effects on the state of surface waters]. State Water Agency. (in Ukr.)
Osiiskyi, E. & Skoblei, M. (2018) Analiz osnovnykh antropohennykh navantazhen ta yikh vplyv, proekt natsionalnoi metodyky. [Analysis of the main anthropogenic loads and their impact, draft of the national methodology]. Ivano-Frankivsk. (in Ukr.)
Snizhko, S.I. (2001). Otsinka ta prohnozuvannia yakosti pryrodnykh vod. [Evaluation and forecasting of the quality of natural waters]. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr. (in Ukr.)
Iurasov, S.M., Safranov, T.A. & Chuhai, A.V.(2012) Otsinka yakosti pryrodnykh vod [Assessment of the quality of natural waters]. Odesa: Ekolohiia. (in Ukr.)
Khilchevskyi, V.K. & Zabokrytska, M.R. (2021). Khimichnyi analiz ta otsinka yakosti pryrodnykh vod. [Chemical analysis and assessment of the quality of natural waters]. Lutsk: Vezha druk. (in Ukr.)
Khilchevskyi, V.K., Zabokrytska, M.R., Kravchynskyi, R.L. et al. (2015). Osnovni zasady upravlinnia yakistiu vodnykh resursiv ta yikhnia okhorona. [Basic principles of water resources quality management and their protection]. Kyiv: VPTs Kyivskyi universytet. (in Ukr.)
Finney, D. (1952) Probit analysis: a statistical treatment of the sigmoid response curve. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Rybalova, O. & Artemiev, S. (2017). Development of a procedure for assessing the ecological risk of the surface water status deterioration. Eastern European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 5(10-89), pp. 67-76. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.112211.
Hopchenko, E.D. & Loboda, N.S.(2005) Vodni resursy pivnichno-zakhidnoho Prychornomoria (u pryrodnykh ta porushenykh hospodarskoiu diialnistiu umovakh). [Water resources of the northwestern Black Sea region (in natural and disturbed economic activity conditions)]. Kyiv: KNT. (in Russ.)
Ministry of Construction and Regional Development of the Republic Moldova (2012). CP D.01.05 Opredelenie gidrologicheskikh kharakteristik dlya usloviy respubliki Moldova [Determination of hydrological characteristics for the conditions of the Republic of Moldova]. Kyshyniv. (in Russ.)
Hrebin, V.V. (2010) Suchasnyi vodnyi rezhym richok Ukrainy (landshaftno-hidrolohichnyi analiz). [Modern water regime of rivers of Ukraine (landscape and hydrological analysis)]. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr. (in Ukr.)
Loboda, N. & Bozhok, Y. (2015) Impact of Сlimate Сhange on Water Resources of North-Western Black Sea Region. International Journal of Research In Earth and Enviornmental Sciences, vol 02 (9), pp. 1-6.
Loboda, N.S., Kuza, А.M. & Kozlov, О.M. (2019). [Assessment of possible changes of water resources of the rivers belonging to the kuyalnytskyi liman catchment at the beginning of the 21st century (2021 -2050) according to the models of the climatic scenario rcp4.5]. Ukr. gìdrometeorol. ž. [Ukrainian hydrometeorological journal], 23, pp.42-53. (in Ukr.) https://doi.org/10.31481/uhmj.23.2019.05
State Water Cadastre (2019). Rozdil «Vodokorystuvannia» Shchorichnyk Vodokorystuvannia. Basein Pivdennoho Buhu. [Section "Water use" Yearbook of water use. 2018 year. South Bug basin]. Available at:: https://www.davr.gov.ua/fls18/pivd_bug_2018.pdf (Accessed: 17 May 2023). (in Ukr.)
Wikipedia - free online encyclopedia. Information about the population in the villages Olenivka, Hruzke, Oboznivka (Kropivnytskyi district). Available at https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/ (Accessed: 05 October 2022) (in Ukr.)
Osaulenka, O.H. (2008). Statystychnyi shchorichnyk Ukrainy za 2007 year [Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine for 2007]. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Kyiv. (in Ukr.)
Nykyforov, V.V., Dihtiar, S.V., Maznytska, O.V. & Kozlovska, T.F. (2016) Bioindykatsiia ta biotestuvannia. [Bioindication and biotesting]. Kremenchuk: Publ. PP Shchenbatykh O. V. (in Ukr.)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.